The Atlantic Wall was constructed in less than two years. This unprecedented achievement was only possible due to the efficient style of construction. The Germans used standardised bunker designs named 'Regelbauten' when building the Atlantic Wall. Hundreds of type standards are known, each with its own unique name and type number, listed in special bunker catalogues, named 'Typenheften'. Each entry is accompanied by technical drawings and details of materials and labour required to complete construction. Small, lightweight bunkers required over 100 cubic metres of concrete and an St-bunker around 800. Common examples of St-bunkers are the 610 (command bunker), 502 (barrack bunker) and 134 (munitions bunker) types. The 'Festungspioniere', Germany's military engineers, were given the specific task of designing bunkers and fortifications and determining the best sites to build.
Did you know that ...
... the Atlantic Wall stretched for 6200 kilometres from the north of Norway to the Spanish border?
... the bunkers do not only play a role in our cultural heritage but have also become valuable to nature since the war, providing a perfect habitat for various animal and plant species like bats and snails?
... at the peak of its construction, over 500,000 people were involved with building the Atlantic Wall?
... the German forces demanded mandatory labour from various local towns to build the wall?
... in The Hague alone around 150,000 people lost their homes and some 3,200 houses were demolished for the build?